Alternative Vote Plus

The alternative vote +
All about the Alternative Vote Plus, how it works and the pros and cons

Alternative Vote Plus

Where is AV+ used?

AV+ has yet to be put into practice anywhere in the world.

How does the Alternative Vote Plus work?

The Alternative Vote Plus (AV+) uses the Alternative Vote (in which voters rank candidates in order of preference) to elect a candidate in each constituency, and then uses a small top-up list to make the overall result more proportional.

Voters can either select their favourite party or choose their favourite candidate from the top-up list and the votes are then allocated to represent each party’s share of the votes proportionally
 

Pros and cons of the Alternative Vote Plus

The case for AV+ The arguments against

Elected MPs would have the support of a majority of their local electorates.

All existing constituency boundaries would have to be redrawn.

Being able to rank candidates increases voter choice, as does having both a constituency vote and a regional vote.

Ballot papers would be more complicated than First Past The Post ones.

Nearly every elector would have at least one vote that would have an effect on the overall election result.

It creates two classes of representative, which could create animosity between them and a confusion of roles.

Parties would have an incentive to campaign across the whole country, and not just in the marginals.

 

The final result will be fairer, with parties having a share of MPs based on their support among the electorate, rather than on electoral arithmetic and geographical oddities.

 

AV+ will produce majority governments when the voters express a desire for one, but will force them to work together when the electorate choose not to give any one party a clear majority.

 

Tactical voting would no longer be necessary.

 

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Voting Systems

Proportional Representation Mixed Systems Majoritarian Systems
More representative as seats are distributed according to vote share. Combines the features of majoritarian-style systems and Proportional Representation. Systems that are highly disproportional.
Single Transferable Vote Additional Member System First Past the Post
Party List PR Alternative Vote Plus Alternative Vote
    Borda Count
    Block Vote
    Limited Vote
    Supplementary Vote
    Two-Round System