Majoritarian Electoral Systems

What is a Majoritarian Electoral System?
A definition of Majoritarian Systems

Majoritarian Electoral Systems

A majoritarian electoral system is a system which does not attempt to make the national vote share match the amount of seats won in parliament. Instead, only the largest block of voters in a constituency get to be represented. Hence, such systems can result in highly disproportionate results.

The most well-known and familiar of these systems is First Past The Post, used for elections to Britain’s House of Commons. But other variants exist which try to find a more consensual winner, such as in the Alternative Vote, Second Ballot, and Borda Count systems. Whilst it is not always the case that majoritarian voting is only in single seat constituencies, as under the Block Vote system, but majoritarian systems usually have smaller constituencies than proportional ones.

Voting Systems

Proportional Representation Mixed Systems Majoritarian Systems
More representative as seats are distributed according to vote share. Combines the features of majoritarian-style systems and Proportional Representation. Systems, like FPTP, that tend to be simple but are highly disproportional.
Party List PR Additional Member System Alternative Vote
Single Transferable Vote Alternative Vote Plus Block Vote
    Borda Count
    First Past the Post
    Limited Vote
    Supplementary Vote
    Two-Round System

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