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Germany’s 2021 election: How Germans vote

This is a guest post from Dylan Difford, as part of a series on elections, party systems and voting methods around the world. This Sunday (26th March), Germany goes to the polls to elect its...

Posted 23 Sep 2021

This election marks the fifth change in Germany’s head of government in the last 50 years

Which European countries use proportional representation?

Of the 43 countries most often considered to be within Europe, 40 use some form of proportional representation to elect their MPs. The UK stands almost alone in Europe in using a ‘one-person-takes-all’ disproportionate voting...

Posted 26 Dec 2018

Which countries in Europe use PR_

How does proportional representation work in Germany?

Elections to Germany’s Bundestag – Germany’s House of Commons – are held under Mixed Member Proportional Representation (MMP). This electoral system seeks to combine features of Westminster style first past the post voting – in...

Posted 18 Dec 2018

Proportionality and fairness makes this an improvement on Westminster