House of Lords

HoL plan
House of Lords
The Second Chamber of Parliament

House of Lords

The House of Lords is the upper house of the UK Parliament.

It is independent from the House of Commons (the lower house) and plays a significant role in proposing amendments to new legislation and challenging the actions of the government.

Membership of the House of Lords is not democratically elected but attained by inheritance, by appointment or through positions within the Church of England (26 senior bishops have the right to sit in the House of Lords). The majority of members are life peers who are appointed by the Monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Lords Reform remains unfinished business. In 1911 Parliament committed itself to replacing the House with a "a Second Chamber constituted on a popular instead of hereditary basis". A century on, and we’re still waiting.