Fair constituency boundaries are crucial to ensure our communities are fairly represented in Parliament.
Balancing equal constituency sizes and the need for boundaries to reflect where people actually live is a challenge. After all, we don’t all live in neat towns of 74,769 electors.
Yet under the new boundaries planned for 2018, the Boundary Commission will have to work to a tight quota that could mean some odd-shaped constituencies. Boundaries that cut across several councils and geographical borders – including rivers and hills – don’t make sense for local people, and make it harder for politicians to do their job.
The new set of boundaries have been drawn on the register as it was in December 2015. This means areas where people have lower rates of registration because they move on a regular basis, like those with a high concentration of private renters and younger people, are underrepresented. For example, people who registered to vote for the EU referendum simply won’t be counted for the new boundaries.
At the moment, constituencies vary in size from fewer than 22,000 people to more than 110,000. Whilst it’s important that constituencies are similar in size, a too-rigid system means constant boundary reviews and regular changes to the political makeup of your seat. Numbers are important, but it is also crucial to have a system that does not awkwardly split up or graft together different communities.
One of the main issues with the current law is that unregistered but eligible voters are not considered when drawing up constituency boundaries – even though they still need representation and support from their MP. Urban and socially deprived areas where registration is lower will have fewer MPs, while affluent areas where registration is high could have more than they deserve.
It’s the job of Parliament to hold the government to account. If as the government proposes, the number of MPs in Parliament is reduced without also reducing the number of ministers, you increase the power of the executive and make it more difficult to hold power to account. By reducing the proportion of independent-minded backbench MPs the ability of Parliament to do its job effectively by offering meaningful dissent could be harmed.